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Effective Intentions : The Power of Conscious Will: The Power of Conscious Will
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Effective Intentions : The Power of Conscious Will
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Sign in via your Institution. Sign in with your library card. We can admit that this might be intuitive, but what if we frame things differently? When I think about this, I find that my intuitions suddenly flip-flop. I become much less concerned about temporarily unconscious intentions and much more willing to dismiss premise A. But in case it is not entirely clear why my intuitions respond this way, allow me to illustrate.
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Assume B above. This means that any intention can be identified by an intracranial event.
It does not seem to follow from the fact that the neural correlates of our intentions precede our awareness of the intentions that the subsequent action is not free. What shifted my intuitions was asking a question like this: How could we expect to become aware of an intention before it exists? When I think about the causation involved, it seems that becoming aware of an intention must be causally downstream of, among other things, the existence of the intention. After all, a cause cannot occur at the same time as its effect. And that means that a delay between intention formation and intention awareness is only natural!
I have to form an intention before I can become aware of it. My prior intuition that intention awareness must precede or be simultaneous with intention formation seemed to involve some kind of magical thinking—e. If my new intuition is right, then one or more premises of the unfree-because-unconscious argument are false, which reinvigorates the possibility that our intentional actions can be free.
We have arrived, then, at the following conclusion: whether or not a person is free is not a matter of their becoming aware of an intention as or before the intention or its correlates form. Of course, I have only i redescribed a phenomenon and ii reported how my intuitions changed. And if our disagreement comes down to having different intuitions about unconscious intentions and free will, then we might wonder if our disagreement is just philosophical, or if it is, at least in part, psychological.
Intention and Intentional Action - Oxford Handbooks
Manipulating the experienced onset of intention after action execution. Time of conscious intention to act in relation to onset of cerebral activity readiness-potential. The unconscious initiation of a freely voluntary act. Libet B Libet, B.